Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)is an all India examination administered and conducted Jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE,Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD),and Government of India. The GATE Score may also be used by PSUs for recruitment of candidates for prestigious jobs with attractive salary packages. Some of the PSUs which use GATE score for providing jobs include BARC, BHEL, IOCL, HPCL, NTPC, Power Grid, NHPC etc. GATE exam primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering. The GATE score reflects the relative performance level in a particular branch. GATE score is valid for two years.
The candidates who get selected for IES, enjoy a very high respect and stature in the society. Candidates who are selected for IES are appointed as Assistant Executive Engineers in various departments under central government for Group A and Group B posts. The various services in which recruitment is made through ESE include Indian Railways, Central Engineering, Central Water engineering, Border roads Engineering, Indian Defence service of Engineers, Indian ordinance Factories, Central power engineering, Indian Naval armament service, Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering, Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, Indian Telecommunication service, Wireless planning & Coordination wing etc.
GATE entrance is compulsory for applying at various jobs in public sector units like IOCL, ISRO, BARC etc. It is expected to follow same by several Maharatna, Navratna and Miniratna CPSEs.
Some institutions specify GATE qualification as mandatory even for admission of self-financing students to postgraduate programmes. GATE qualified candidates are also eligible for the award of Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories and CSIR sponsored projects. Top rank holders in some GATE papers are entitled to apply for “Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellowship” awarded by CSIR. Some government organizations prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement for applying to the post of a Scientist/ Engineer.
A combined competitive examination is conducted by the Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services. The Examination constitutes of a written examination followed by an interview for personality test.
GATE is conducted through the constitution of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are:-